Sneezing, coughing, watery eyes Seasonal allergies poison the lives of more than 20% of French people and have been steadily increasing in recent years. What good gestures to adopt? We tell you everything.
1 / Identify the allergen (s)
Seasonal allergies (seasonal allergic rhino-conjunctivitis -RAS- or hay fever) are caused by an inflammatory reaction of the body in the presence of an allergen. Unlike so-called persistent allergies triggered by allergens present all year (mites, animal hair …), seasonal allergies are related to pollen. It is still necessary to determine which ones, since there are three kinds: tree pollen, graminaceous or herbaceous pollen.
The only way to know exactly which allergen (or allergens) is responsible is to perform a battery of tests. Your doctor will refer you to an allergist but you can also find “self-diagnostic” tests in the pharmacy.
2 / Monitor risk periods
Spring is the beginning of hostilities as it is the time when the blooming of trees begins. The risks of seasonal allergies nevertheless remain high until the end of the summer, as herbaceous plants continue to pollinate until early autumn. The months to watch more particularly? Between May and August, we talk about “peak pollen”. Note however that the risk periods also depend on the region and the weather. The National Aerobiological Surveillance Network (RNSA) informs in real time of the pollination throughout the territory of the main plants responsible for allergies.
Regularly check the vigilance maps (RNSA site) as soon as the first days are fine. Avoid strolls in the countryside, protect your eyes with sunglasses and close your windows to limit the intrusion of pollen inside.
3 / Boost your immune system
Seasonal allergies weaken the immune system. It is therefore useful to give him a little help to better resist and better fight the symptoms related to the allergic reaction. Some food supplements combine anti-allergy plant extracts that fight the symptoms of allergy with phytonutrients that boost immune and respiratory health.
Adopt a healthy lifestyle throughout the year and consume regularly probiotics to restore the balance of the intestinal flora, directly involved in the immune system.
4 / Relieve symptoms, prevent recurrences
Although they are generally benign, seasonal allergies remain difficult to bear daily and generate additional fatigue. With complete crowding out of allergens difficult, taking antihistamines is usually recommended, at least to relieve symptoms. Another interesting option is herbal medicine. Some plants such as Campari’sEspinosa (caper) or Ribes nigrum (blackcurrant bud) have anti-inflammatory properties, cap ParisEspinosa also contains active ingredients with antihistamine properties. Finally, desensitization (or hyposensibilisation) can also be considered.
Do not wait to be affected by the symptoms to act, you can start a cure of targeted herbal dietary supplements from the beginning of spring.
5 / Beware of cross allergies
There may be phenomena of cross allergies between pollen and certain foods, especially fruits and vegetables. Intolerance to certain pollen can sometimes lead to a more or less severe allergic reaction (itching, edema) in the mouth and throat. 30% of people with seasonal allergies would be concerned. The main associations to avoid:
Birch and apple (the most common cross allergy) but also pear, cherry, celery, kiwi plum. Grasses and tomato pepper melon. Ambrosia and banana watermelon cucumber. Alder and almonds, hazelnuts, peach, parsley.
If you have clearly identified the pollen you are allergic to, do not eat fruits and / or vegetables that cause cross allergies.